What is a Turbine Engine?
A turbine engine is a specially designed machine that is often referred to as a “Gas Turbine”. In some instances, it is identified as a “Combustion Turbine”. This type of engine is often classified as an “Internal Combustion Engine” due to the fact that the combustion involving the fuel of the unit occurs when a special type of oxidizer is mixed with it in a carefully designed combustion chamber. This chamber is considered to be a very important part of the circuit that allows for the functionality of the engine, as a whole. A few of the most important turbine engine parts include a rotating compressor that flows upstream, a turbine that flows downstream and the aforementioned combustion chamber. As with most engines in today’s world, the turbine engine is a special type of machine unit that has the capability of successfully converting energy into a type of mechanical-based motion for the purpose and intent of providing power and/or functionality to a special device, such as helicopters, relatively small power plants, jets and tanks.
In a turbine engine, energy is created and added into the stream of gas that is present inside of the component of the engine known as the “Combustor”. It is in this region that the components of air and fuel are thoroughly mixed. When this mixture is successful, it is then ignited. There is an excessive amount of pressure within the combustor. As a result, the fuel experiences higher levels of combustion and the overall temperature of the turbine engine parts is increased drastically. Once the temperature increases within the turbine engine, the mixture is then forced into what is called the “Turbine Section”. It is at this point that the gas flow starts to move in high volumes and at an exceptionally fast rate of speed. It is then moved towards a specially designed nozzle that emits the fluid mixture over the blades that are located on the engine. These special turbine engine parts then spin and results in power to the compressor. Eventually, the pressure of the gas being emitted from the exhaust and the overall temperature of the turbine engine decreases.
Compared to a standard engine that is operated through the means of specially designed pistons, the turbine engine is considered to be exceptionally simpler in operation, though more powerful in energy output. It is considered more basic in that out of all the turbine engine parts, there is only one main part that is considered to be a moving part and that is located in the section that controls the power conversion of the unit. Piston engines, on the other hand, include dozens of individual moving parts and features. In evaluating turbine engine parts, you will observe that it has a central shaft component that includes a specially designed turbine on the end that emits exhaust and a specially designed fan that is responsible for compression of the engine at the end that mechanics refer to as the “Intake”. According to mechanics and engine design specialists, the turbine engine offers numerous benefits. These include, but are not limited to, the following:
- These engines are designed to run optimally in lower pressures during operation.
- The turbine engine parts are considered to be optimal in performing at altitudes that are considered to be high. This is why many types of aircraft utilize these engines.
- The speeds of the engines are able to operate at higher velocities than standard, piston-controlled engines.
- There are much fewer components associated with these engines, which means that they are easier to maintain and repair.
- The turbine engine parts contained in these types of engines have a higher success rate when it comes to internal lubrication.
- Turbine engines are capable of supporting high amounts of weights, while providing a high level of power to the vehicles and vessels that they are utilized on.
There are many turbine engines that are utilized in vehicles and vessels today. The following highlights some examples of vehicles and/or vessels that include a turbine engine:
- Ayres Thrush Agricultural Aircraft
- Cessna Skymaster
- Mitsubishi MU-2 from Japan
- Garrett TPE331
- British Rail 18000
- The 1950 Rover JET1
- MTT Turbine SUPERBIKE
- The Panther Tank
- Bombardier’s JetTrain
- The Royal Navy’s Motor Gun Boat
Turbine engines are considered to be exceptionally popular among manufacturers of large-scale motor vehicles and/or vessels. These engines are popular due to their simplistic design and excessive power to weight ratio. The turbine engine parts assist in optimizing the mass airflow of the unit, increasing the pressure and/or combustion of the system, work to regulate both internal and external temperatures associated with the engines and then, helps to improve the overall efficiency associated with the operation of the engine. Due to these facts, the turbine engine is considered to be an optimal choice for powering heavy vessels and vehicles that require a mass amount of power.